1. Pair ESL students with academically strong students.
2. If available, have ESL students sit next to similar language
3. Use simple language- both written and spoken.
4. Pay attention to body language and gestures used by ESL
students who are very limited in their English language skills.
5. Talk with ESL students about assignments before and after
class. Newcomers are shy and reluctant
to approach teachers with questions.
6. Draw and/or act out concepts.
7. Shorten or modify
8. Include ESL students in class discussions. Provide positive praise for responses.
9. Allow extra wait time for students to respond orally to
10. Use print, not cursive, when writing on the board.
11. Allow ESL students to use a bilingual dictionary.
12. Consider giving open book and/or open note tests.
13. Allow ESL students to demonstrate the knowledge you are
assessing in alternative ways.
14. Allow extra test time.
Please feel free to accommodate their
language needs when you give
tests in your classroom. ESL students
can have partial test options, modified assessments, open book tests, notes,
and bilingual dictionaries to assist them while testing. Please supervise any extended test time you
wish to give ESL students in your classrooms under your direct assistance and
15. Imagine you are being asked to complete the task at hand in
a totally foreign language. What
accommodations would you want? Allow
your students to have these accommodations.
16. If you use free translation web sites for assistance, please be aware of
the accuracy of information ESL students are responding to.